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ABERCROMBIE

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: Monitor
Class: ROBERTS - two in class
Builder: Vickers- Armstrong, Tyne
Commissioned: May, 1943
Displacement: 8,536 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

373' 4" x 89' 9" x 13' 6"
Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 4" - 5"
Barbette: 8"
Turret: 5" - 13"
CT: 2" - 3"
Machinery: 2-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers; 4,800shp.  Oil:  491 tons.
Speed: 12.5 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
2 15" / 42 cal. 1x2
8 4" / 50 cal. QF AA 4x2
16 2-pdr. "pom-poms" 1x8, 2x4
Compliment: 442

 

 

Sister ship:  ROBERTS

 

 

Pennant number:  F.109

 

 

Notes:  The ROBERTS class were a development of the World War I era EREBUS class; as such, they were the last monitors constructed for the Royal Navy, and the only monitors of any navy to be built during Word War II.   ABERCROMBIE's design was modified from that of her sister, with more armor over her machinery spaces, a taller funnel, more anti-aircraft guns, and a lengthened shelter deck (to provide for more crew accommodations); these changes added nearly 600 tons to her weight.  ABERCROMBIE was armed with a turret originally designed for the "light battlecruiser" FURIOUS, should that ship's 18" guns had proved unsuitable.  The mount was modified to allow 30 of elevation.  The 4" guns were mounted on the shelter deck (on ROBERTS, they were mounted on the upper deck).  Construction was delayed for several reasons, including problems getting a proper fit for her 15" turret, with the result that ABERCROMBIE did not enter service until, May, 1943.  During the war, 20 - 20mm Oerlikon AA guns (8x2 and 4x1) were added to her anti-aircraft battery.

 

Immediately upon her commissioning, ABERCROMBIE was sent to the Mediterranean, where she joined the monitors ROBERTS and EREBUS in gunfire support for the Allied landings on Sicily.  In early September, 1943, the three were together again for the landings at Salerno.  On 9 September, ABERCROMBIE drifted into an unswept minefield and hit a single mine.  Counter-flooding and damage control were successful in keeping ABERCROMBIE on an even keel, and her machinery was undamaged.  But her radar and main battery fire control were knocked out, and she was unable to fire her 15" guns.  She sailed for repairs, arriving at Taranto on 7 October 1943 (after the Italian Armistice).  Repairs did not start until January, 1944, and took long enough that ABERCROMBIE was unavailable to support the landings at Normandy in June, 1944.  Finally, repairs were finished and she sailed to Malta, arriving there on 15 August 1944.  Six days later, she struck two mines laid by the Germans.  This time, ABERCROMBIE suffered damage to both of her propellers shafts, and she had to return to Malta for repairs.  After 11 months under repair there, ABERCROMBIE received orders to sail to the Pacific and join the Far East Fleet.  But she had only made it as far as Aden, Yemen when World War II ended, and was recalled to home waters.  In November, 1945, ABERCROMBIE was placed in the reserve, where she saw occasional duty as a drill ship.  ABERCROMBIE was sold for scrapping and broken up at Barrow in December, 1954.

 

 

Note:  Many thanks to Steelnavy.com for additional information on the ROBERTS!

 

Pictures

fleetline_36_roberts_bm_1941_-_01.jpg (9481 bytes)

Fleetline 36

(as ROBERTS)

fleetline_36_roberts_bm_1941_-_02.jpg (14676 bytes) Fleetline 36
fleetline_36_roberts_bm_1941_-_03.jpg (13163 bytes) Fleetline 36
fleetline_36_roberts_bm_1941_-_04.jpg (14200 bytes) Fleetline 36
fleetline_36_roberts_bm_1941_-_201.jpg (16551 bytes) Fleetline 36
fleetline_36_roberts_bm_1941_-_202.jpg (17913 bytes) Fleetline 36
star__24_roberts_bm_1941_-_01.jpg (22766 bytes)

Star 24

(as ROBERTS)