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BAYERN

 

Nationality:

Germany

Type: BB
Class: BAYERN -- two in class
Builder: Howarldtswerke, Kiel
Completed: June, 1916
Displacement: 28,074 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

589' 10" x 98' 5" x 27' 8"
Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 4.7" - 14"
Bulkheads: 5.5" - 12"
Battery: 6.7"
Barbettes: 1" - 14"
Turrets: 4" - 14"
CT: 6.7" - 14"
Machinery: 3-shaft Parsons turbines, 14 Schulz-Thornycroft boilers; 48,000shp.  Coal:  3,350 tons.  Oil:  610 tons.  Range:  9000nm at 10 knots / 5000nm at 13 knots / 2,390nm at 21.5 knots
Speed: 21.5 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
8 15" / 45 cal. 4x2
16 5.9" / 45 cal. 16x1
8 88mm / 45 cal. AA 8x1
5 23.6" TT submerged
Compliment: 1,187

 

 

Sister ships:  BADEN

 

 

Notes:  An improvement on the preceding KÖNIG class, with a direct jump from 12" to 15" main battery guns (without the intervening 13.8" guns as had occurred in the battlecruisers), due to the German staff learning of the British plans for the 15"-gunned QUEEN ELIZABETH class.  Actually, the BAYERN class most closely resembles the ROYAL SOVEREIGN class, with the same caliber and layout of guns and very similar standards of protection.  As with most German ships of the period, they had a relatively low freeboard; adequate for operations in the North Sea, but they would have been very wet ships if they had ventured into the Atlantic.  They were the first German capital ships to be fitted with tripod masts.  A combination of coal-fired and oil-fired boilers were used (11 and three, respectively), and the coal-fired boilers also had the ability to use oil sprays.  Both ships achieved 22 knots on trials.  BAYERN was accepted into the High Seas Fleet on 30 June 1916, and took part in several operations in the Baltic.  During operations in the Gulf of Riga, BAYERN struck a mine on 12 October 1917; the damage caused severe flooding, with draught forward increasing to 36'.  Temporary patching ran into difficulties, and it took 19 days to reach Kiel for repairs.  Following World War I, BAYERN was interred with the majority of the High Seas Fleet at Scapa Flow; upon hearing rumors that war would soon resume and that she would be used against her former country, BAYERN was scuttled by her German crew on 21 June 1919.  She was raised for scrap in September, 1934, and broken up at Rosyth.

 

Pictures

navis__01_bayern_bb_1916_-_01.jpg (15162 bytes) Navis 01
navis__01_bayern_bb_1916_-_02.jpg (20514 bytes) Navis 01
navis__01n_bayern_bb_1916_-_00.jpg (26510 bytes) Navis 01n
scratchbuilt_bayern_bb_1918 by_john_youngerman_-_01.jpg (20615 bytes) Scratchbuilt*
scratchbuilt_bayern_bb_1918 by_john_youngerman_-_02.jpg (18515 bytes) Scratchbuilt*
scratchbuilt_bayern_bb_1918 by_john_youngerman_-_03.jpg (20730 bytes) Scratchbuilt*

* Scratchbuilt by John Youngerman