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BIRMINGHAM

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: CL
Class: SOUTHAMPTON - five ships in class
Builder: Devonport Dockyard
Completed: November, 1937
Displacement: 9,100 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

591' 6" x 61' 8" x 20' 4"
Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 3" - 4"
Ammunition spaces: 1" - 4.5"
Bulkheads: 2.5"
Turrets: 1" - 2"
CT: 4"
Machinery: 4-shaft Parsons geared turbines; 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers; 75,000shp.  Oil: approx. 2,000 tons
Speed: 32 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
12 6" / 50 cal. 4x3
8 4" / 45 cal. 4x2
4 3-pdr. saluting guns 4x1
8 2-pdr. "pom-poms" 2x4
6 21" TT 2x3
3 aircraft
Compliment: 748

 

 

Sister ships:  GLASGOW, NEWCASTLE, SHEFFIELD, SOUTHAMPTON

 

 

Pennant Number:  19

 

 

Notes:  The SOUTHAMPTON class were larger than the preceding ARETHUSA class and more in line with light cruisers being built by other navies.  The 6" triple mountings were capable of 45 elevation.  The armored belt was raised to the upper deck as in the PERTH class light cruisers, but was more extensive along the waterline (although it did not cover the 6" ammunition spaces).  There was a hangar behind the bridge which could store two aircraft, and an athwartships catapult was mounted.  Tactical diameter was 780 yards at 14 knots.  During World War II, all of the class had their AA armaments augmented, and all except SOUTHAMPTON (which had been sunk in 1941) had their "X" turret removed and replaced with additional AA guns.  

 

BIRMINGHAM served at China Station in 1939; then returned to Home Fleet in 1940.  She served in the South Atlantic in 1941; and was transferred to the Eastern Fleet 1942-44.  BIRMINGHAM sailed to the USA for a refit in 1944, during which time her 6" triple turret in the "X" position was removed, and 4-quadruple 40mm Bofors mounts and 8-2pdr. "pom-poms" were added.  She returned to Home Fleet, 1944-45.  BIRMINGHAM was modernized 1950-1952 with new bridgework, a lattice foremast, and air conditioning (to suit them for service in the Far East).  BIRMINGHAM saw much active service in the postwar Royal Navy, but was eventually considered to be too old for further modernization, and was scrapped at Inverkeithing in July, 1960.

 

Pictures

argonaut___68_birmingham_cl_1937_-_01.jpg (17116 bytes) Argonaut 68