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CALYPSO

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: CL
Class: CALEDON - four ships in class
Builder: Hawthorne Leslie
Commissioned: June, 1917
Displacement: 4,120 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

450' x 42' 9" x 16' 3"

Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 1.25" - 3"
Deck: 1"
CT: 6"
Machinery: 2-shaft Parsons all-geared turbines, 6 Yarrow boilers; 40,000shp.  Oil:  935 tons.  Range:  5,900nm at 10 knots; 3,560nm at 20 knots; 1,290nm at 28 knots.
Speed: 29 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
5 6" / 45 cal. BL 5x1
2 3" (76mm) AA
4 3-pdr. (47mm)
8 21" TT 4x2
Compliment: 334

 

 

Sister ships:  CALEDON, CARADOC and CASSANDRA; sisters CAPRICE and CORSAIR modified while building to become CERES class light cruisers (CARDIFF and COVENTRY, respectively).

 

 

Pennant number:  I.61

 

 

Notes:  The CALEDON class were improved CENTAUR class light cruisers, incorporating many wartime lessons, including a heavier torpedo battery, and a raked bow and longer forecastle to improve sea keeping.  They were noted as being "remarkably tough".  Upon commissioning, CALYPSO joined the 6th Light Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet in June, 1917, and took part in Heligoland Bight action on 17 November 1917, where entire bridge staff, including her commanding officer, were killed by a shell.  Following repairs, she was sent to Baltic in November, 1918; on 26 December, in company with CARADOC and DD's VENDETTA, VORTIGERN and WAKFUL, captured Bolshevik destroyers AVTROIL and SPARTAK off Reval.  She was transferred to 3rd LCS, Mediterranean in March, 1919.  CALYPSO had only minor modifications between the World Wars; eight 2-pdr. "pom-poms" (in two quad mounts) were added to increase her anti-aircraft capabilities.  CALYPSO  was with Home Fleet in 1939, then transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet in 1940.  Her flag superior was changed to "D" in 1940.  CALYPSO was torpedoed south of Crete on 12 June 1940 by Italian submarine BAGNOLINI.  The torpedo exploded beneath the starboard side of CALYPSO, and her "A" boiler room flooded immediately; subsequently, the "B" boiler room flooded, and CALYPSO lost both steam and electrical power, which thwarted the efforts of her damage control parties.  Ninety minutes after being hit, CALYPSO heeled over to starboard and sank.

 

Pictures

navis_140_calypso_cl_1917_-_01.jpg (25391 bytes) Navis 140 (1917)
navis_140_calypso_cl_1917_-_02.jpg (18028 bytes) Navis 140 (1917)
navis_140_calypso_cl_1917_-_201.jpg (15356 bytes) Navis 140 (1917)
navis_140_calypso_cl_1917_-_202.jpg (15785 bytes) Navis 140 (1917)