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CARMANIA

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: Armed Merchant Cruiser
Class:  
Built: 1905
Displacement: 19,524 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

 
Machinery:  
Speed:  
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
8 ? 4.7" in single mounts
various machine guns
Compliment: 420 as armed merchant cruiser

 

 

Sister ships:  

 

 

Notes:  Built for the Cunard Line in 1905, CARMANIA the first "big liner" to have steam turbines replacing piston engines.  Conversion to an armed merchant cruiser was completed on 14 August 1914, and following a week of gunnery practice, CARMANIA was assigned to Rear Admiral Christopher Cradock's 5th Cruiser Squadron and was sent to Venezuelan waters to search for German raiders.  CARMANIA is most noted for her battle on 14 September, 1914, vs. German armed merchant cruiser CAP TRAFALGAR just off  the Brazilian island of Trindade, in which the CARMANIA sunk the CAP TRAFALGAR after a hour-long fight.  During that battle, CARMANIA fired 417 rounds at CAP TRAFALGAR, and had taken 79 hits herself; casualties numbered nine killed and 26 wounded (four critically).  CARMANIA was later assigned to 10th Cruiser Squadron, patrolling between Scotland and Iceland.  

 

Pictures

rhenania_glr-16_carmania_liner_1905_-_01.jpg (25173 bytes) Rhenania GLR 16
rhenania_glr-16b_carmania_amc_1914_-_01.jpg (17353 bytes) Rhenania GLR 16b
rhenania_glr-16b_carmania_amc_1914_-_02.jpg (18810 bytes) Rhenania GLR 16b
rhenania_glr-16b_carmania_amc_1914_-_03.jpg (19434 bytes) Rhenania GLR 16b
rhenania_glr-16b_carmania_amc_1914_-_04.jpg (18686 bytes) Rhenania GLR 16b