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DE RUYTER

 

Nationality:

Netherlands

Type: CL
Class: only ship in class
Builder: Wilton-Fijenoord
Launched: March, 1935
Displacement: 6,442 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

560' 4" x 51' 6" x 16' 9"
Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 1.25" - 2"
Barbettes, deck, turrets, CT (each): 1.25"
Machinery: 2-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 6 Yarrow boilers; 66,000shp.  Oil:  1,300 tons.  Range:  11,000nm at 12 knots.
Speed: 32 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
7 5.9" / 50 cal. 3x2, 1x1
10 40mm AA (5x2)
8 12.7mm AA 4x2
1 aircraft
Compliment: 435

 

 

Sister ships:  none

 

 

Notes:  DE RUYTER was authorized in 1930 to replace the cancelled CELEBES (the third ship of the SUMATRA class) and provide the third cruiser deemed necessary on the East Indies station.  The design was severely limited by financial considerations; six - 5.9" guns were to be carried, and armor was to be similar to the SUMATRA class.  The design was then criticized for being too small and too lightly armed.  Modifications were then made to the design, with the hull being lengthened to improve the lines (and as a result, speed), and to provide room for both another 5.9" gun and a catapult and aircraft.  The final design was accepted in August, 1932.  The 40mm AA guns were mounted close together on the aft superstructure, which unfortunately limited their arcs of fire and made them susceptible to being eliminated by a single bomb hit.  However, the fire control systems were very advanced for their time, and included remote controls, stabilization, and a fair amount of automation.  Normally, one spotting plane was carried, but a second one could be accommodated between the catapult and the aft superstructure.  The boilers were evenly disposed in three boiler rooms, and at overload, DE RUYTER was capable of 33.5 knots.  All of the uptakes led to a single funnel.

 

DE RUYTER served her entire career in the Far East, and was the flagship of Rear Admiral Karel Doorman's ABDA (Australian, British, Dutch and American) squadron.  On 3 February 1942, DE RUYTER sailed with the rest of the ABDA squadron in attempt to attack a Japanese convoy en route to Makassar.  They were driven off by Japanese aircraft; DE RUYTER was slightly damaged by a near-miss, and her 40mm gunners claimed one of the Japanese bombers.  On 11 February 1942, she collided with the American destroyer WHIPPLE; fortunately, neither ship was seriously damaged.

 

DE RUYTER served again as Rear Admiral Doorman's flagship at the Battle of the Java Sea on the night of 27-28 February 1942.  She was hit by gunfire and a "Long Lance" torpedo fired by the Japanese heavy cruiser HAGURO, and sank two hours later with a heavy loss of life, including Rear Admiral Doorman.

 

Pictures

rhenania__77_deruyter_cl_1940_-_01.jpg (15636 bytes) Rhenania 77
rhenania__77_deruyter_cl_1940_-_02.jpg (15352 bytes) Rhenania 77
rhenania__77_deruyter_cl_1940_-_03.jpg (15612 bytes) Rhenania 77
rhenania__77_deruyter_cl_1940_-_04.jpg (20228 bytes) Rhenania 77
rhenania__77a_deruyter_cl_1940_-_01.jpg (22216 bytes) Rhenania 77a