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DEVONSHIRE

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: CA
Class: LONDON - four in class
Builder: Devonport Dockyard
Completed: March, 1929
Displacement: 9,850 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

633' x 66' x 22' 8"
Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 3" - 5"
Deck: 1.5" - 4"
Turrets: 1.5" - 2"
CT: 3"
Machinery: 4-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 8 Admiralty three-drum boilers; 80,000shp.  Oil:  3,210 tons.  Range:  12,500nm at 12 knots; 2,930nm at 32 knots.
Speed: 32.3 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
8 8" / 50 cal. 4x2
4 4" / 45 cal. 4x1
4 3-pdr. saluting guns 4x1
4 2-pdr. "pom-poms" 4x1
8 21" TT 2x4
Compliment: 700

 

 

Sister ships:  LONDON, SHROPSHIRE, SUSSEX

 

 

Pennant Number:  39

 

 

Notes:  The LONDON class resembled the preceding KENT class, but was not fitted with bulges.  A catapult with one aircraft was installed in 1933.  In 1937, the four single "pom-poms" were replaced by four more 4" guns.  Plans were drawn up in 1936 for the reconstruction of the entire class; as it turns out, only LONDON was refitted.


Upon her commissioning, DEVONSHIRE served with the 1st Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean.  In 1932, she was sent to the Far East where she served on the China Station, then returned to the Mediterranean in 1933.  In 1939, DEVONSHIRE returned to Home Fleet.  She participated in the Norwegian campaign, and evacuated the Norwegian Royal Family from Norway on 6 June 1940.  In a refit in 1941, she had three "pom-poms" (quadruple 40mm AA guns) added, to augment her anti-aircraft battery.  DEVONSHIRE served with the Home Fleet off Norway and Russia until September 1941.  On November 21, 1941, DEVONSHIRE located and then sunk the German merchant raider ATLANTIS.  In May, 1942, DEVONSHIRE was once again sent to the Far East, serving in the Indian Ocean until May 1943.  DEVONSHIRE underwent a refit until March 1944; during this refit, her "X" 8" turret was removed, her single 4" guns were removed and replaced by eight 4" Mk. XVI twin mounts, and her "pom-poms" were increased to 24 (in six quadruple mounts).  By war's end, she was also carrying 40 - 20mm Oerlikon AA guns.  Following her refit, DEVONSHIRE served with the Home Fleet through the end of World War II.  She was reassigned as a training ship in 1947, and served in that role until 1953.  DEVONSHIRE was sold for scrap on 16 June 1954 and arrived at Newport on 12 December 1954 where she was broken up.

Pictures

neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_00.jpg (23908 bytes)

Neptun 1133  (as SUSSEX)

neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_101_-_h_fischer.jpg (59949 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_102.jpg (14974 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_103.jpg (14443 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_104.jpg (14982 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_105.jpg (14286 bytes)

Neptun 1133

neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_106.jpg (13841 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_107.jpg (12258 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_108.jpg (14452 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_109.jpg (18258 bytes) Neptun 1133
neptun_1133_sussex_ca_1942_-_110.jpg (19636 bytes) Neptun 1133