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FUBUKI class

 

Nationality:

Japan

Type: DD
Class: FUBUKI -- 20 in class
Displacement: 1,750 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

388' 6" x 34' x 10' 6"
Machinery: 2-shaft geared turbines, 4 boilers; 50,000 shp.  Oil:  500 tons.
Speed: 38 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
6 5"/50 DP 3x2
2 13mm AA 2x1
9 24" TT 3x3
18 depth charges
Compliment: 197

 

 

Ships in the class:

 

Name1:

Builder:

Launched:

Fate2:

FUBUKI

  (No. 35)

Maizuru Navy Yard

15 November 1927

Sunk on 11 November 1942 by gunfire from U. S. cruiser-destroyer force in the Battle of Cape Esperance.  109 of her crew were rescued by American destroyers.

SHINONOME

  (No. 36)

Sasebo Navy Yard

26 November 1927

Sunk on 17 December 1941 by Dutch flying boat X-32 off Miri, Borneo.  Two bomb hits detonated aft magazines, and SHINONOME sank with no survivors.

USUGUMO

  (No. 37)

Ishikawajimi, Tokyo

26 November 1927

Sunk on 5 July 1944 by U. S. submarine SKATE (SS-305) in Sea of Okhotsk, 330 miles west-southwest of Paramushiro. Two torpedoes broke her back and USUGUMO sank in six minutes, leaving no survivors.

SHIRAKUMO

  (No. 38)

Fujinagata, Osaka

27 December 1927

Sunk on 16 March 1944 while escorting troop convoy to Uruppu Island when torpedoed by U. S. submarine TAUTOG (SS-199) 170 miles east of Muroran, Hokkaido.  SHIRAKUMO sank instantly; there were no survivors.

ISONAMI

  (No. 39)

Uraga, Tokyo

24 November 1927

Sunk on 9 April 1943 while escorting convoy towards Ambon. Sunk by the U. S. submarine TAUTOG (SS-199) while rescuing survivors of torpedoed PENANG MARU, 35 miles southeast of Wangiwangi Island. Seven of her crew were killed and nine injured.

SHIRAYUKI

  (No. 40)

Yokohama Co., Yokohama

20 March 1928

Sunk on 3 March 1943 during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, 55 miles southeast of Finschhafen when an American skip-bomb detonated her after magazine, severing stern; 32 of her crew were killed.

HATSUYUKI

  (No. 41)

Maizuru Navy Yard

29 September 1927

Sunk on 17 July 1943 while on a troop transport run from Rabaul to Shortlands.  HATSUYUKI was sunk in a U.S. air raid on Shortlands while unloading passengers alongside pier at Kahili; a single bomb exploded her aft magazine, sinking her in shallow water. 120 were killed (including 38 troops) and 36 wounded.

MIYUKI

  (No. 42)

Uraga, Tokyo

26 June 1928

Sunk in a collision with the INAZUMA on 29 June 1935 in the Korea Strait.  Casualty figures are unknown.

MURAKUMO

  (No. 43)

Fujinagata, Osaka

27 September 1927

Sunk on 12 October 1942 while on a troop transport run to Guadalcanal. While attempting to assist the damaged heavy cruiser FURUTAKA in aftermath of Battle of Cape Esperance near Savo Island, MURAKUMO was attacked by American aircraft; three near-misses, a torpedo hit and then a bomb hit left ship dead in the water and aflame.  With no realistic hope of survival, MURAKUMO's commander, Lieutenant Commander Higashi ordered her abandoned.  The destroyer SHIRAYUKI rescued most of MURAKUMO's crew, then scuttled her with a torpedo.  22 of her crew were killed in the action.

URANAMI

  (No. 44)

Sasebo Navy Yard

29 November 1928

On 19 December 1941, URANAMI sank the Dutch submarine O-20, then rescued 32 of her crew.  URANAMI was sunk on 26 October 1944 by aircraft of U. S. Task Force 77.4.2, 70 miles north-northeast of Iloilo, Panay when hit by two bombs and several rockets. 103 of URANAMI's crew were killed, but 94 survived and were rescued by Japanese transports.

SHIKINAMI

   (No. 45)

Maizuru Navy Yard

22 June 1929

At the Battle of Sunda Strait on 1 March 1942, SHIKINAMI torpedoed and sank the American heavy cruiser HOUSTON (CA-30).  SHIKINAMI was sunk on 12 September 1944 when torpedoed by U. S. submarine GROWLER (SS-215) 240 miles south of Hong Kong while escorting a convoy sailing to Japan; 128 of her crew were rescued.

AYANAMI

  (No. 46)

Fujinagata, Osaka

5 October 1929

Sunk on 15 November 1942 during the Battles for Guadalcanal; she was heavily damaged by gunfire of a U. S. battleship-destroyer group southeast of Savo Island.  URANAMI removed 196 survivors, including Commander Sakuma, then scuttled AYANAMI with two torpedoes.

ASAGIRI

  (No. 47)

Sasebo Navy Yard

18 November 1929

Sunk on 28 August 1942 when attacked by U. S. dive bombers near Santa Isabel, 60 miles north-northeast of Savo Island.  A direct hit among her torpedo tubes blew up the ASAGIRI, killing 62 of her crew and 60 of the troops she was transporting.

SAGIRI

  (No. 48)

Uraga, Tokyo

23 December 1929

Sunk on 24 December 1941 when torpedoed by the Dutch submarine K-XVI near Kuching, Sarawak. SAGIRI's aft magazine apparently exploded, severing stern and sinking her almost immediately; 121 of her crew were killed.

YUGURI

  (No. 49)

Maizuru Navy Yard

12 May 1930

Sunk on 25 November 1943 while carrying troops to Buka during the Battle of Cape St. George by gunfire from the American destroyers CHARLES AUSBURNE (DD-570), CLAXTON (DD-571) and DYSON (DD-572), 50 miles east of Cape St. George. 278 survivors rescued by I-177 and 11 by I-181.

AMAGIRI

  (No. 50)

Ishikawajimi, Tokyo

27 February 1930

Sunk on 23 April 1944 when she struck a mine in Makassar Strait, 55 miles south of Balikpapan.  Casualty figures are unknown.

OBORO

  (No. 51)

Sasebo Navy Yard

8 November 1930

Sunk on 17 October 1942 while on a transport run to Kiska when attacked by U. S. Army Air Forces B-26s, 30 miles northeast of Kiska.  A direct bomb hit among munitions being carried caused OBORO to blow up and sink, with only 17 of her crew surviving.

AKEBONO

  (No. 52)

Fujinagata, Osaka

7 November 1930

On 5 November 1944, AKEBONO was heavily damaged in a U. S. air raid on Manila, while trying to assist the heavy cruiser NACHI; she was left dead in the water and afire with 24 dead and three wounded.  When it was determined she could be saved, AKEBONO was towed by the destroyer USHIO to the Cavite Navy Yard at Manila.  But on 14 November at Manila, while alongside the destroyer AKISHIMO at Cavite pier, the two ships came under attack by American aircraft.  Direct bomb hits set both ships ablaze, and a large explosion on AKISHIMO further damaged both ships.  As a result, AKEBONO sank upright in shallow water. 48 of her crew were killed and another 43 wounded.

SAZANAMI

  (No. 53)

Maizuru Navy Yard

6 June 1931

Sunk on 14 January 1944 while escorting a tanker convoy en route from Palau to Truk when torpedoed by the American submarine ALBACORE (SS-218) 300 miles southeast of Yap.  153 of her crew were killed, while 89 were rescued.

USHIO

  (No. 54)

Uraga, Tokyo

17 November 1930

USHIO was the only ship of the FUBUKI class to survive World War II.  On 3 March 1942 while operating with SAZANAMI, USHIO damaged the American submarine PERCH (SS-176) in a depth-charge attack, then returned to force scuttling of sub and rescue 59 survivors.  On 13 November 1944, USHIO suffered medium damage due to a bomb near-miss in a U. S. air raid on Manila; her starboard engine was disabled and 23 of her crew were killed (10 more were wounded).  Following this attack, USHIO's best speed 18 knots.  At the end of the war, USHIO was surrendered unrepaired at Yokosuka.  USHIO was scrapped there in August, 1948.

 

 

1 The FUBUKI class originally were designated by numbers (listed in parentheses); they were re-named in 1928.

 

2 Many, many thanks to Jon Parshall's, Nihon Kaigun / Combined Fleet website for the fates of the FUBUKI class destroyers!

 

 

Notes:  The FUBUKI class, or "Special Type" destroyers, were approved as a part of the 1923, 1926 and 1927 Programmes, and were completed between March, 1928 and August, 1932.  When introduced, they were the best-armed destroyers in the world, with their twin 5" guns in fully-enclosed gunhouses, as well as carrying a set of reloads for their torpedo tubes.  The 5" guns on the first ten were capable of 40 elevation, while the second ten were capable of 75 elevation, making them more effective dual-purpose weapons.  As with many Japanese ships built during this period, they suffered from "trying to do too much with too little", and the entire class was rebuilt to improve strength and stability from 1935 - 1937.  As rebuilt, their tonnage increased to 2,090 tons, with a reduction in top speed to 34 knots.  The crew compliment increased to 220 men.  During World War II, the surviving units had their "X" turret removed to make room for more anti-aircraft weapons (they also gave up their torpedo reloads to save topweight).  By June, 1944, the surviving FUBUKI class destroyers carried 4 - 5"/50 DP guns (2x2), 22 - 25mm AA, 10 - 13.2mm AA, 9 - 24" TT and 36 depth charges; crew compliment had risen to nearly 250 men.

Pictures

konishi_503_fubuki_dd_1928_-_01.jpg (21217 bytes) Konishi 503
neptun_1268a_uranami_dd_1944_-_00.jpg (22071 bytes)

Neptun 1268a

as URANAMI

neptun_1268a_uranami_dd_1944_-_201.jpg (31272 bytes)

Neptun 1268a

as URANAMI

neptun_1268a_uranami_dd_1944_-_202.jpg (35739 bytes)

Neptun 1268a

as URANAMI

neptun_1268a_uranami_dd_1944_-_203.jpg (23200 bytes)

Neptun 1268a

as URANAMI

neptun_1268a_uranami_dd_1944_-_204.jpg (25366 bytes)

Neptun 1268a

as URANAMI

neptun_1268a_uranami_dd_1944_-_205.jpg (30738 bytes)

Neptun 1268a

as URANAMI

optatus_s-15_ushio_dd_1935_-_01.jpg (22886 bytes)

Optatus S-15

as USHIO

optatus_s-15_ushio_dd_1935_-_02.jpg (22513 bytes)

Optatus S-15

as USHIO

optatus_opt-15c_orobo_dd_1938_-_01.jpg (12333 bytes)

Optatus S-15c

as OBORO

optatus_opt-15c_oboro_dd_1938_-_201.jpg (28216 bytes)

Optatus S-15c

as OBORO

trident_1047_fubuki_dd_1936_-_201.jpg (19599 bytes) Trident 1047
trident_1074_amagiri_dd_1936_-_201.jpg (17490 bytes)

Trident 1074

as AMAGIRI