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Notes: Designed to be better balanced ships than the preceding TRENTO class (which had traded armor for speed), the ZARA class heavy cruisers were well received by the Italian Navy. While they were drawn up as "treaty cruisers" (with a 10,000-ton weight limit), it was soon realized that to meet the design parameters, they would be over the treaty weight limit. Some attempts were made to reduce the weight; torpedo tubes were omitted, belt armor was reduced, a smaller superstructure was built, lighter-weight machinery was used, and instead of a flush deck, the hull was cut down one deck from a short distance behind the "B" barbette aft. Despite these efforts, the class came in at over 1,500 tons over treaty limits.
Provided under the 1929-30 Program, GORIZIA was originally classed as a light cruiser, then as a "armored cruiser" (to distinguish her from the TRENTO class), then finally as a heavy cruiser. As built, the armor weighed 2,700 tons -- nearly three times the armor of the TRENTO class. On trials, GORIZIA reached a speed of 33.9 knots. A fixed catapult for her aircraft was mounted on the forecastle, while their hangar was beneath the forecastle. In the late 1930's, the two aft 3.9" gun mountings, the 40mm, and the 12.7mm guns were removed and replaced by 8-37mm (4x2) and 8-13mm MG (4x2). During a 1940 refit, two 4.1" / 15 cal. guns were mounted abreast the conning tower for use as starshell guns. In 1942, these guns were removed and replaced by four 37mm / 54 cal. AA guns (2x2). In 1943, GORIZIA had her 13.2mm MG's removed and replaced by 14 - 20mm / 65 cal. AA guns (6x2, 2x1).
GORIZIA saw active service during World War II. She was scuttled at La Spezia on 8 September 1943, in an attempt to prevent her capture by German forces. However, she was captured by the Germans, raised, and repairs were attempted. Italian forces, using British-supplied "Chariot" mini-submarines sunk GORIZIA at La Spezia on 26 June 1944. Her wreck was broken up on site in 1946.