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HAWAII / CB-3

 

Nationality:

United States

Type: CB (officially, "large cruiser")
Class: ALASKA - six (planned) in class
Builder: New York Shipbuilders
Launched: March, 1945
Displacement: 29,779 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

808' 6" x 91' 1" x 31' 10"

Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 5" - 9"
Deck
Armor: 3.8" - 4"
Weather: 1.4"
Splinter: 0.625"
Barbettes: 11" - 13"
Turrets:
Face: 12.8"
Roof: 5"
Side: 5.25" - 6"
Rear: 5.25"
CT: 10.6" (roof - 5")
Machinery: 4-shaft General Electric turbines, 8 Babcock and Wilcox boilers; 150,000shp.  Oil:  3,619 tons.  Range:  12,000nm at 15 knots
Speed: 33 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
9 12" / 50 cal. 3x3
12 5" / 38 cal. DP 6x2
56 40mm 14x4
34 20mm
4 Aircraft
Compliment: 1,517

 

 

Sister ships:  ALASKA, GUAM; also PHILIPPINES, PUERTO RICO, SAMOA (all three cancelled)

 

 

Notes:  The ALASKA class were designed as "super-cruisers" (and designated as large cruisers, or CB's, when built) to counter the Japanese heavy cruisers mounting 10-8" guns, and to counter the German SCHARNHORST class and the reported battlecruisers (B-64 class) that the Japanese were building.  (Oddly enough, during their planning stages, the Japanese modified their plans (to the B-65 class) to counter what Japanese intelligence had learned about the ALASKA class!)  The ALASKA class was originally designed to carry 8-12" guns in one twin and two triple turrets, but the design was modified to carry three triple mounts, in large part to simplify production.  The 12" gun was of a new design, and fired a 1,140-pound shell out to 37,000 yards (as compared to the last American 12" guns mounted in the ARKANSAS class, built circa 1912, which fired an 870-pound shell to slightly over 29,000 yards).  The overall design was similar to the BALTIMORE class heavy cruisers, but with the enlargement in size, it was possible to move the aircraft hangars and catapults to midships.  By the time they became operational, their originally-conceived mission was no longer viable.  They were excellent escorts for the Fast Carrier Groups as their speed was good enough to keep up with the ESSEX class carriers and their size allowed a heavy anti-aircraft battery to be carried.

 

HAWAII was launched in March, 1945, but never completed.  She was retained in her incomplete state (84% finished) while various plans were studied.  One of the plans called for her conversion to a "missile ship", but the one that came the closest to being carried out was a conversion to a command ship -- a larger sister to the NORTHAMPTON class.  Her designation was changed to CBC-1 (large command ship) in February, 1952.  When it was determined that HAWAII was "just too big" and too expensive to maintain, those plans were cancelled and she reverted to her original designation, CB-3, in October, 1954.  HAWAII was deleted from the Naval Vessel Register in June, 1958, and broken up in Baltimore in 1959.

 

 

Pictures

argonaut__204_alaska_cb_1944_-_01.jpg (12024 bytes)

Argonaut 204

(as ALASKA)

argonaut__204_alaska_cb_1944_-_02.jpg (16659 bytes) Argonaut 204
argonaut__204_alaska_cb_1944_-_03.jpg (15642 bytes) Argonaut 204
argonaut__204_alaska_cb_1944_-_04.jpg (17446 bytes) Argonaut 204
argonaut__204_alaska_cb_1944_-_05.jpg (14518 bytes) Argonaut 204
delphin__28_alaska_cb_1945_-_01.jpg (29923 bytes)

Delphin 28

(as ALASKA)

delphin__28_alaska_cb_1945_-_02.jpg (22642 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin__28_alaska_cb_1945_-_03.jpg (14409 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin__28_alaska_cb_1945_-_04.jpg (18800 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin_28_alaska_cb_1945_-_203.jpg (27085 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin_28_alaska_cb_1945_-_204.jpg (27200 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin_28_alaska_cb_1945_-_205.jpg (29207 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin__28_-_alaska_cb_1945_-_201.jpg (54111 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin__28_-_alaska_cb_1945_-_202.jpg (45659 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin__28_-_alaska_cb_1945_-_203.jpg (46416 bytes) Delphin 28
delphin__28_-_alaska_cb_1945_-_204.jpg (48252 bytes) Delphin 28
framburg_5_alaska_cb_1944_-_201_daley.jpg (21105 bytes)

Framburg 5

(as ALASKA)

neptun_1330_alaska_cb_1945_-_00.jpg (29355 bytes)

Neptun 1330

(as ALASKA)

neptun_1330_alaska_cb_1945_-_01.jpg (20564 bytes) Neptun 1330
neptun_1330_alaska_cb_1945_-_02.jpg (22839 bytes) Neptun 1330
neptun_1330_alaska_cb_1945_-_03.jpg (25253 bytes) Neptun 1330
neptun_1330_alaska_cb_1945_-_04.jpg (15638 bytes) Neptun 1330
neptun_1330_alaska_cb_1945_-_05.jpg (26926 bytes) Neptun 1330
superior_a201_alaska_cb_1945_-_01.jpg (47933 bytes)

Superior A201

(as ALASKA)