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INDIANA  BB-1

 

Nationality:

United States

Type: B
Class: INDIANA - three in class
Builder: Wm. Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia
Commissioned: November, 1895
Displacement: 10,288 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

350' 11" x 69' 3" x 24'

Armor:

(Harvey and nickel steel)

PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 4" - 18"
Barbettes: 17"
Turrets: 15"
Secondary guns: 5" - 8"
CT: 9"
Machinery: 2-shaft VTE, 6 cyl boilers; 9,000ihp.  Coal:  1,640 tons.  Range:  5,640nm at 10 knots.
Speed: 15 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
4 13.5" / 35 cal. 2x2
8 8" / 35 cal. 4x2
4 6" / 40 cal. 4x1
20 6-pdr. 20x1
6 1-pdr. 6x1
6 18" TT above waterline
Compliment: 473

 

 

Sister ships:  MASSACHUSETTS, OREGON

 

 

Notes:  Authorized under the Act of 30 June 1890, the INDIANA class were the first battleships of the "New" Navy.  They were not regarded as very successful ships, due to too much being attempted on too little a displacement.  Freeboard was only 11' 4" forward, and that was when only 400 tons of coal was bunkered; when at their usual capacity, they rode much lower in the water.  They were regarded as extremely wet ships.  They were also regarded as being both cramped and undermanned; only nine "line" officers were aboard, which meant that there were none for the torpedoes, main deck battery and secondary batteries, and no margin for an officer killed or disabled in action.  The main battery turrets were unbalanced, with hydraulic training in the OREGON and steam training in the other two.  The class made 15.5 knots on trials, and had a tactical radius of 585 yards at 12 knots.  Following the world cruise of the "Great White Fleet", some much-needed alterations were made.  They were reboilered with eight Babcock and Wilcox boilers.  The main battery turrets were at least partially rebalanced.  The 6" guns, most of the 6-pdrs., and all of the torpedo tubes were removed and replaced by 12 - 3" "anti-torpedo-boat" guns.  INDIANA was fitted with a cage mainmast in 1910.

 

Following her commissioning, INDIANA trained off the coast of New England.  Upon the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, INDIANA was assigned to Admiral Sampson's squadron and sailed for the Caribbean in an effort to engage Spanish Admiral Cervera's squadron.  She took part in the bombardment of San Juan on 12 May 1898.  Following a brief return to Key West, Sampson took his squadron to Santiago to join Admiral Schley's forces there in the blockade.  In late June, 1898, army units landed there, forcing Cervera to attempt to force the blockade and escape.  The Battle of Santiago in took place on 3 July 1898, and INDIANA was credited with the sinking of the Spanish destroyers PLUTON and FUROR.  Following the end of hostilities, INDIANA returned to the United States, and resumed training Naval Academy midshipmen.  INDIANA was decommissioned on 29 December 1903.  She was recommissioned on 9 January 1906, and served with the Naval Academy Practice Squadron, sailing to Northern Europe and the Mediterranean.  She was once again decommissioned on 23 May 1914.  INDIANA was once again recommissioned on  24 May 1917, and served during World War I as a training ship for gun crews.  On 29 March 1919, INDIANA was renamed COAST BATTLESHIP NO. 1, to free up the name for a newly-authorized battleship.  She was used as a target in a series of tests of aerial bombs and was sunk in November, 1920. Her hulk was sold for scrap on 19 March 1924.

 

Pictures

navis_317_oregon_b_1895_-_01.jpg (23391 bytes)

Navis 317

(as OREGON)

navis_317_oregon_b_1895_-_02.jpg (14677 bytes) Navis 317