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"J", "K" and "N" classes

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: DD
Class: eight in each class; 24 overall
Commissioned: circa 1939-1942
Displacement: 1,760 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

356' 6" x 35' 8" x 13' 10"
Machinery: 2-shaft Parsons turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers; 40,000shp.  Oil:  464 tons.
Speed: 36 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
6 4.7" / 45 cal. 3x2
* 1 4" QF AA 1x1
4 2-pdr. "pom-pom" AA 1x4
10 except * 5 21" TT 2x5 (* 1x5)
45 depth charges
Compliment: 183

 

 

Sister ships:  

 

Pennant Number Name Builder Fate
F.22 JACKAL John Brown Sunk by aircraft bombs, 12 May 1942
F.34 JAGUAR Denny Sunk by submarine torpedo, 26 March 1942
F.53 JANUS Swan Hunter Sunk by aircraft torpedo, 23 January 1944
F.61 JAVELIN (ex-KASHMIR) John Brown Broken up in 1949
F.72 JERSEY White Sunk by mine, 2 May 1941
F.00 JERVIS Hawthorne Leslie Broken up in 1949
F.46 JUNO* (ex-JAMAICA) Fairfield Sunk by aircraft bombs, 21 May 1941
F.85 JUPITER Yarrow Sunk by mine, 27 February 1942
F.28 KANDAHAR* Denny Sunk by mine, 20 December 1941
F.12 KASHMIR (ex-JAVELIN) Thornycroft Sunk by aircraft bombs, 23 May 1941
F.01 KELLY Hawthorn Leslie Sunk by aircraft bombs, 23 May 1941
F.37 KELVIN Fairfield Broken up in 1949
F.45 KHARTOUM* Swan Hunter Sunk by internal explosion (see Notes), 23 June 1940
F.50 KIMBERLEY Thornycroft Broken up in 1949
F.64 KINGSTON White Damaged beyond repair by aircraft bombs on 11 April 1942; scrapped at Malta
F.91 KIPLING Yarrow Sunk by aircraft bombs, 11 May 1942
G.97 NAPIER Fairfield Broken up in 1956
G.25 NEPAL (ex-NORSEMAN) Thornycroft Broken up in 1956
6.65 NERISSA Clydebank To Poland as PIORUN; returned to Britain in 1946 and renamed NOBLE (ii); broken up in 1955
G.02 NESTOR Fairfield Sunk by aircraft bombs, 15 June 1942
G.38 NIZAM John Brown Broken up in 1955
G.84 NOBLE (ex-PIORUN, ex-NERISSA) Denny To Netherlands in 1942 as VAN GALEN; broken up in 1957
G.16 NONPAREIL Denny To Netherlands in 1942 as TJERK HIDDES; to Indonesia as GADJAH MADA in 1951; served as flagship until 1960; broken up in 1961
G.49 NORMAN Thornycroft Broken up in 1958

 

Notes:  These ships were the first Royal Navy destroyers with longitudinal framing (aside from an experiment tried in ARDENT in 1913).  They were also the first single-funneled British destroyers since 1895.  The twin 4.7" mounts, introduced in the TRIBAL class, were standard.  JUNO, KANDAHAR and KHARTOUM carried a single 4" AA gun in place of one torpedo mount.  Up to four single 40mm Bofors and/or 10-20mm guns were added in surviving vessels by the end of World War II.

 

JERVIS, KELLY and NAPIER were all fitted as flotilla leaders.  NAPIER, NESTOR, NIZAM and NORMAN were manned by Australian crews; NOBLE was manned by a Polish crew.  In 1941, NOBLE and NONPAREIL were transferred to the Royal Netherlands Navy and became the VAN GALEN and the TJERK HIDDES.  KHARTOUM suffered an internal explosion from a burst torpedo air vessel, which led to her loss.  JERVIS was at the Battle of Cape Matapan on 27-28 March 1941, where she torpedoed and sank the heavily-damaged Italian cruiser ZARA; she also rescued 258 Italian sailors from the POLA before JERVIS and NUBIAN each fired a torpedo into POLA, sinking her.  JERVIS was badly damaged by an attack made by Italian two-man midget submarines at Alexandria on 18 December 1941; they placed charges under the tanker SAGONA (which JERVIS was moored alongside), as well as the battleships QUEEN ELIZABETH and VALIANT.  Following repairs, JERVIS returned to active duty.

 

Pictures

neptun_1163_j_k_and_n_class_dd_1939_-_ 00.jpg (24599 bytes) Neptun 1163
neptun_1163_j_k_and_n_class_dd_1939_-_ 01.jpg (16042 bytes) Neptun 1163
neptun_1163a_j_k_and_n_class_dd_1943_-_ 00.jpg (23303 bytes) Neptun 1163a