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SUSSEX

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: CA
Class: LONDON - four in class
Builder: Hawthorne Leslie
Completed: March, 1929
Displacement: 9,850 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

633' x 66' x 22' 8"
Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 3" - 5"
Deck: 1.5" - 4"
Turrets: 1.5" - 2"
CT: 3"
Machinery: 4-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 8 Admiralty three-drum boilers; 80,000shp.  Oil:  3,210 tons.  Range:  12,500nm at 12 knots; 2,930nm at 32 knots.
Speed: 32.3 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
8 8" / 50 cal. 4x2
4 4" / 45 cal. 4x1
4 3-pdr. saluting guns 4x1
4 2-pdr. "pom-poms" 4x1
8 21" TT 2x4
Compliment: 700

 

 

Sister ships:  LONDON, DEVONSHIRE, SHROPSHIRE

 

 

Pennant Number:  96

 

 

Notes:  The LONDON class resembled the preceding KENT class, but was not fitted with bulges.  A catapult with one aircraft was installed in 1933.  In 1937, the four single "pom-poms" were replaced by four more 4" guns.  Plans were drawn up in 1936 for the reconstruction of the entire class; as it turns out, only LONDON was refitted.


SUSSEX served with the 1st Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean until 1934, when she was assigned for service with the Australia Squadron.  She returned to the Mediterranean in 1936, and then was transferred to the South Atlantic at the outbreak of World War II in September, 1939.  While undergoing refit and in drydock at Glasgow on 18 September 1940,  SUSSEX was hit by a bomb dropped by a German airplane.  The bomb penetrated two-to-three decks below her main deck before exploding; the resulting fire severely gutted her stern.  SUSSEX suffered additional damage when the drydock was flooded, and SUSSEX capsized on her port side.  Repairs took nearly two years; SUSSEX did not return to service until August, 1942, when she resumed duties in the Atlantic.  During her repairs, 16 - 40mm AA guns were added (two eight-barreled "pom-pom" mounts).  In a refit in 1944, her 8" "X" turret and torpedo tubes were removed, and her anti-aircraft battery was further augmented by the installation of two more octuple "pom-poms".  And in 1945, SUSSEX received two more octuple "pom-poms" (bringing her total to 48 - 40mm guns), as well as 14 -20mm Oerlikon AA guns.  She finished World War II serving with the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean.  SUSSEX was decommissioned on 2 February 1949, and sold for scrapping in January 1950.  SUSSEX was broken up at Dalmuir beginning in February, 1950.

Pictures

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