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T-1 through T-21 class (1935 and 1937 type)

 

Nationality:

Germany

Type: TB
Class: T-1 -- 21 in class
T-1 through T-8 8 ships
T-9 through T-12 4 ships
T-13 through T-21 9 ships
Commissioned: 1939-42
Displacement:
T-1: 844 tons
T-9: 839 tons
T-13: 853 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

T-1 through T-12 276' 7" x 28' 3" x 9' 8"
T-13 through T-21 285' 9" x 28' 3" x 9' 8"
Machinery: 2-shaft Wagner geared turbines, 2 Wagner boilers; 31,000shp.
Speed: 35.5 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
1 4.1" / 45 cal. 1x1
1 37mm 1x1
5 to 8 20mm AA 5 to 8x1
6 21" TT 2x3
30 mines (as ML)
Compliment: 119

 

 

Ships in class:

 

NAME BUILDER COMMISSIONED FATE
T-1 Schichau, Elbing December, 1939 Sunk by a single aircraft bomb while berthed at Kiel on 10 April 1945
T-2 Schichau, Elbing December, 1939 Sunk by a single aircraft bomb at Bremen on 29 July 1944; subsequently raised but never repaired and broken up in 1946
T-3 Schichau, Elbing February, 1940 Sunk by a single aircraft bomb at Le Havre on 18 September 1940 (nine of her crew were killed and twelve wounded); raised in March, 1941; following repairs, re-commissioned in March, 1943.  While in company with T-5, struck a mine laid by the Russian submarine L21 north of Hela and sank on 14 March 1945; 300 killed.
T-4 Schichau, Elbing August, 1940 Following service in World War II, taken as a U. S. prize; transferred to Denmark in 1948.  Planned conversion to a MTB command ship never took place; stricken in 1951 and broken up in 1952 at Odensee.
T-5 Deschimag, Bremen January, 1940 While in company with T-3, struck a mine laid by the Russian submarine L21 north of Hela and sank on 14 March 1945; 20 killed.
T-6 Deschimag, Bremen April, 1940 Struck a mine east of Aberdeen and sank on 7 November 1940; 48 killed.
T-7 Deschimag, Bremen October, 1939 Sunk by aircraft bombs at Bremen on 29 July 1944.  Wreck raised and broken up, 1947-49.
T-8 Deschimag, Bremen October, 1939 Scuttled at Strander Bay on 3 May 1945; subsequently raised and broken up.
T-9 Schichau, Elbing July, 1940 Scuttled at Strander Bay on 3 May, 1945; subsequently raised and broken up.
T-10 Schichau, Elbing August, 1940 Sunk by a single aircraft bomb at Gotenhafen on 18 December 1944.
T-11 Deschimag, Bremen May, 1940. Following service in World War II, taken as a British prize; transferred to France in February, 1946 and re-named BIR HAKEIM.  Stricken in October, 1951 and subsequently broken up.
T-12 Deschimag, Bremen July, 1940 Following service in World War II, taken as a Russian prize; re-named PODVIZHNYY.  Broken up in 1957.
T-13 Schichau, Elbing May, 1941 Sunk by British aircraft bombs in the Kattegat on 10 April 1945; 20 killed.
T-14 Schichau, Elbing June, 1941 Following service in World War II, taken as a U. S. prize; transferred to France in October,1947 and re-named DOMPAIRE.  Stricken in October, 1951 and subsequently broken up.
T-15 Schichau, Elbing June, 1941 Sunk by a single aircraft bomb at Kiel on 13 December 1943.
T-16 Schichau, Elbing July, 1941 Bombed at Frederikshavn, Denmark on 13 April 1945; was never repaired and subsequently broken up.
T-17 Schichau, Elbing August, 1941 Following service in World War II, taken as a Russian prize; re-named PORIVISTYY.  Broken up in 1957.
T-18 Schichau, Elbing November, 1941 Sunk by Russian aircraft rockets northwest of Baltischport on 17 September 1944; 30 killed.
T-19 Schichau, Elbing December, 1941 Following service in World War II, taken as a U. S. prize; transferred to Denmark in 1947.  Planned conversion to a MTB command ship never took place; stricken in 1951 and broken up in 1952 at Odensee.
T-20 Schichau, Elbing June, 1942 Following service in World War II, taken as a British prize and re-named BACCARAT.  Stricken in October, 1951 and subsequently broken up.
T-21 Schichau, Elbing July, 1942 Seriously damaged by aircraft bombs at Wesermünde in 1945.  Taken as a U. S. prize; loaded with poison gas shells and scuttled in company with LEIPZIG on 16 December 1946.

 

 

Notes:  Laid down in 1937, these ships (the Type 35 torpedo boats) were often erroneously referred to as the "Elbing" class, as T-1 through T-4, T-9 and T-10 were built there.  The original order was for eight ships; four more were soon added, to a slightly modified design (T-9 through T-12 were approximately five tons lighter).  A clipper bow was fitted early during World War II to improve seakeeping, and increased the overall length to 285' 9"; at the same time, a tripod mast and a single 37mm gun in a bow sponson were added.  Some of the class had a single or a twin 40mm / 70 cal. Bofors mount in place of the aft bank of torpedo tubes.  As the trials were deemed successful, nine more of a slightly modified design (Type 37) were ordered (T-13 through T-21), but with an enlarged bridge and the clipper bow.

 

A straightforward design with a flush-decked hull and a boxy superstructure, the class was very successful, and the ships were used as escorts, sub-chasers and minelayers in offshore waters, as well as training ships.  They were noted as being very maneuverable with a tight turning circle, and were regarded as excellent sea-boats, especially after the bow refit in the earlier ships.

(Additional data gathered from "German Torpedo Boats at War" by Pierre Hervieux, WARSHIP 1994, pp. 120-131.  See Bibliography for further details.)

Pictures

hansa__79_t-1_-_12_class_tb_1937_-_01.jpg (14097 bytes) Hansa 79 (as T-1)
hansa__79_t-1_-_12_class_tb_1937_-_02.jpg (22203 bytes) Hansa 79 (as T-1)
hansa__79_t-1_-_12_class_tb_1937_-_03.jpg (11000 bytes) Hansa 79 (as T-1)
hansa_79_t-1_-_12_tb_1940_-_201.jpg (14049 bytes) Hansa 79 (as T-1)
neptun_1068_t-1-12_tb_1939_-_00.jpg (22705 bytes) Neptun 1068 (as T-1)
neptun_1068a_t-13-21_tb_1941_-_00.jpg (24894 bytes) Neptun 1068a (as T-13)
neptun_1068a_t-13-21_tb_1941_-_01.jpg (11049 bytes) Neptun 1068a (as T-13)
neptun_1068a_t-13-21_tb_1941_-_02.jpg (11617 bytes) Neptun 1068a (as T-13)
neptun_1068a_t-13-21_tb_1941_-_03.jpg (18387 bytes) Neptun 1068a (as T-13)
neptun_1068a_t-13-21_tb_1941_-_04.jpg (19065 bytes) Neptun 1068a (as T-13)
neptun_1068a_t-13-21_tb_1941_-_05.jpg (22575 bytes) Neptun 1068a (as T-13)
neptun_1068b_t-19_tb_1944_-_00.jpg (25754 bytes) Neptun 1068b (as T-19)
neptun_1068b_t-19_tb_1944_-_01.jpg (19052 bytes) Neptun 1068b (as T-19)
neptun_1068b_t-19_tb_1944_-_02.jpg (24937 bytes) Neptun 1068b (as T-19)
neptun_1068b_t-19_tb_1944_-_03.jpg (19108 bytes) Neptun 1068b (as T-19)
neptun_1068c_t-2_tb_1944_-_00.jpg (21807 bytes) Neptun 1068c (as T-2, 1944)
neptun_1068c_t-2_tb_1944_-_01.jpg (12695 bytes) Neptun 1068c (as T-2, 1944)
neptun_1068t_t-11_tb_1939_camo_-_01.jpg (20007 bytes) Neptun 1068t (as T-11)
neptun_1068t_t-11_tb_1939_camo_-_02.jpg (22274 bytes) Neptun 1068t (as T-12)