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Type: BB
Class: HELGOLAND - four ships in class
Builder: Weser, Bremen
Completed: July, 1911
Displacement: 22,440 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

548' 7" x 93' 6" x 26' 11"
Belt: 3.2" - 12"
Bulkheads: 3.5" - 8.3"
Battery: 6.7"
Barbettes: 2.4" - 12"
Turrets: 2.75" - 12"
CT: 4" - 12"
Machinery: 3-shaft 4-cyl. VTE, 15 Schulz-Thornycroft boilers; 28,000ihp.  Coal:  3,150 tons.  Oil:  200 tons. Range:  5,500nm at 10 knots
Speed: 20.3 knots
12 12" / 50 cal. 6x2
14 5.9" / 45 cal. 14x1
14 3.45" / 45 cal. 14x1
6 19.7" TT submerged
Compliment: 1,113






Notes:  THÜRINGEN was the third ship of the class, ordered in the 1908-09 Program.  The class was a marked improvement on the preceding NASSAU -- nearly 20% larger, with corresponding improvements in armor.  The main battery guns were increased in size to 12" (30.5cm), and magazines and shell rooms were located directly below the turrets.  The three funnels were closely spaced amidships, which outwardly distinguished them from the NASSAU class.  Each ship slightly exceeded designed speed on trials.  They were noted as being good sea boats, with a small turning circle.  THÜRINGEN had her funnels raised in 1913.  She was fitted with torpedo nets; these were removed early in 1916.  The 3.45" guns proved to a disappointment; not only were they generally mounted in unworkable positions, but their "hitting power" proved to be too light against their intended targets.  The aftermost pair were removed in 1913, and the remainder in 1916-17.  They were replaced by four 3.45" (88mm) anti-aircraft guns, mounted on the aft superstructure.


THÜRINGEN was commissioned into the German Navy as a member of the 1st Battle Division (along with her sister ships).  She was present at Jutland on 31 May 1916, firing 107 rounds of 12" ammunition, 115 rounds of 5.9", and 32 rounds of 3.45".  Early in the battle, THÜRINGEN fired on the British light cruiser DUBLIN, but scored no hits.  THÜRINGEN then joined in with seven other battleships in firing on the destroyer NESTOR (which had been disabled in an earlier action); NESTOR blew up and sank (80 of her crew were rescued by German destroyers and became prisoners of war.)  THÜRINGEN fired several salvos at British battleships (first WARSPITE, then MALAYA); WARSPITE took 13 heavy-caliber hits, but as she was under fire by at least six of the German battleships at the time, it is nearly impossible to credit hits to a particular ship.  In a brief action just after midnight, THÜRINGEN is credited with the sinking of the armored cruiser BLACK PRINCE, which in darkness had approached far too close to the German line.  Illuminated by THÜRINGEN's searchlights at ranges as close as 750 yards, THÜRINGEN fired ten 12" shells, 27 5.9" and 24 3.45" at the armored cruiser.  Her first salvo struck near BLACK PRINCE's aft turret, blowing it overboard.  Subsequent fire raked BLACK PRINCE from stem to stern, and the BLACK PRINCE blew up and sank with all hands.  Later during the night, THÜRINGEN engaged the destroyer TURBULENT and did considerable damage; TURBULENT eventually had to be scuttled.  THÜRINGEN emerged undamaged from Jutland, with no casualties.  (Details from Campbell's "Jutland"; see Bibliography.)


Following World War I, THÜRINGEN was allocated to France as reparation; she was transferred to Cherbourg in April, 1920 and used as a target vessel.  THÜRINGEN was scrapped at Gâvres-Lorient; scrapping lasted from 1923 into 1933.



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