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VANGUARD

 

Nationality:

Britain

Type: BB
Class: VANGUARD - only ship in class
Builder: John Brown
Completed August, 1946
Displacement: 44,500 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

814' 4' x 108' x 30' 9"
Armor:
PLACEMENT THICKNESS
Belt: 4" - 14"
Bulkheads: 4" - 12"
Barbettes: 11" - 13"
Turrets: 6" - 13"
CT: 1" - 3"
Machinery: 4-shaft Parsons turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers; 130,000shp.  Oil:  4,423 tons.  Range:  8,400nm at 11.5 knots; 3,600nm at 29.5 knots.
Speed: 30 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
8 15" / 42 cal. 4x2
16 5.25" / 50 cal. 8x2
73 40mm Bofors 10x6, 1x2, 11x1
Compliment: 1893

 

 

Pennant Number:  23

 

 

Notes:  VANGUARD was the last and largest of the British battleships, and was the only "dreadnought" that never fired her guns against an enemy.  VANGUARD's origins go back to a 1939 project for using the 15" turrets from COURAGEOUS and GLORIOUS in a 30-knot ship for the Far Eastern Fleet.  As with many ships, her design was altered at several times during the building process; in 1942, consideration was given to converting VANGUARD to an aircraft carrier, but that proposal was rejected.  Although of outwardly different appearance, VANGUARD resembled the KING GEORGE V class in many ways.  The 5.25" guns were in improved mountings, and due to requirements to augment the anti-aircraft battery (in light of wartime experience), there was no provision for aircraft to be carried.  Overall armor was improved, the 5.25" guns had up to 2.5" of armor, and splinter protection was improved.  VANGUARD had a transom stern and a marked sheer forward, which made her a much better sea boat than previous British battleships.  She was very maneuverable; tactical radius was 1,025 yards at full speed.  VANGUARD was fitted with heating and air-conditioning for both arctic and tropical service.

 

During a 1947 refit, 11 of VANGUARD's 40mm guns were removed, and a saluting platform was temporarily added atop "B" turret for the Royal Tour to South Africa.  Following the Royal Tour, VANGUARD served in the Mediterranean until June, 1949, when she returned to Portsmouth and served as a training ship; she acted as Home Fleet Flagship during exercises.  After a refit at Devonport in 1954, she was paid off into reserve at Portsmouth, becoming Flagship of the Reserve Fleet and NATO HQ ship.  VANGUARD was sold for scrapping in 1960.

 

Pictures

albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_01.jpg (29120 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_02.jpg (23676 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_03.jpg (28109 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_04.jpg (32366 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_05.jpg (10237 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_06.jpg (15596 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_07.jpg (16047 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_08.jpg (13144 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_-_09.jpg (24709 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_201.jpg (21357 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_202.jpg (32022 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_203.jpg (24581 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
albatros_alk-300_vanguard_bb_1946_204.jpg (31964 bytes) Albatros ALK-300
delphin_110_vanguard_bb_1946_-_01.jpg (23973 bytes) Delphin 110
delphin_110_vanguard_bb_1946_-_02.jpg (48754 bytes) Delphin 110
delphin_110_vanguard_bb_1946_-_03.jpg (24793 bytes) Delphin 110
delphin_110_vanguard_bb_1946_-_04.jpg (19283 bytes) Delphin 110
delphin_110_vanguard_bb_1946_-_05.jpg (73674 bytes) Delphin 110
mercator_1000p_vanguard_bb_1946_-_201.jpg (23102 bytes) Mercator 1000p
mercator_1000p_vanguard_bb_1946_-_202.jpg (30674 bytes) Mercator 1000p
mercator_1000p_vanguard_bb_1946_-_203.jpg (24079 bytes) Mercator 1000p
mercator_1000p_vanguard_bb_1946_-_204.jpg (26031 bytes) Mercator 1000p
scratchbuilt_vanguard_bb_1946_by_john_youngerman_-_01.jpg (16607 bytes) Scratchbuilt by John Youngerman
skytrex_1000_vanguard_bb_1946_-_201_by_msm.jpg (28731 bytes) Skytrex 1000