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Z-1 class (Type 1934 and 1934a)

 

Nationality:

Germany

Type: DD
Class: Z-1 - 16 in class
Builder: see Notes
Completed: 1935-1937
Displacement: 1,625 tons

Dimensions: (in feet and inches)

397' (Z-1 through Z-4:  391' 5") x 37' x 13' 1"
Machinery:
Z-1 through Z-8 2-shaft Wagner geared turbines; 6 Wagner boilers
Z-9 through Z-16 2-shaft Blohm and Voss geared turbines; 6 Benson boilers

70,000shp.  Oil:  715 tons.  Range:  1,825nm at 19 knots

Speed: 38.2 knots
Armament:
NUMBER SIZE MOUNTS
5 5" / 45 cal. 5x1
4 37mm AA 4x1
4 20mm AA 4x1
8 21" TT 2x4
4 depth charge launchers
60 mines (as minelayer)
Compliment: 315

 

 

Name "Proper Name" Builder* Fate
Z-1 LEBERECHT MAAS DWK Sunk on 22 February 1940, while in company of Z-3; they had stumbled into a British-laid minefield, then were mistakenly attacked by Luftwaffe bombers.  282 of her crew were killed.
Z-2 GEORG THIELE DWK Sunk on 13 April 1940, in action with British destroyers at Rombaksbotten, Norway; 27 killed.  Her wreck was broken up in 1963.
Z-3 MAX SCHULTZ DWK Sunk on 22 February 1940, while in company of Z-1; they had stumbled into a British-laid minefield, then were mistakenly attacked by Luftwaffe bombers.  308 of her crew were killed.
Z-4 RICHARD BEITZEN DWK Following World War II, taken as a British prize; broken up in 1947.
Z-5 PAUL JACOBI DB Following World War II, taken as a British prize, then handed over to France on 15 January 1946 and renamed DESAIX.  Served with the French Navy and was used for weapons trials in 1947-1949.  Stricken on 17 February 1954; renamed Q02 in 1958; subsequently broken up.
Z-6 THEODOR RIEDEL DB Following World War II, taken as a British prize, then handed over to France on 28 January 1946 and renamed KLEBER (D603).  Served with the French Navy in the Mediterranean.  Stricken on 21 April 1957; renamed Q86 in 1958; subsequently broken up.
Z-7 HERMANN SCHOEMANN DB Damaged by gunfire from the British light cruiser EDINBURGH on 2 May 1942 in the North Sea;  suffered engine failure and was scuttled and sunk by a torpedo from the Z-24.
Z-8 BRUNO HEINEMANN DB Sunk on 25 January 1942 after striking a mine 8nm north of Dunkirk; 93 of her crew were killed.
Z-9 WOLFGANG ZENKER GK Scuttled and sunk on 13 April 1940 at Rombaksbotten, Norway, following action against British destroyers; undamaged, but her fuel and ammunition were exhausted after action.  One crew member killed in action.  Wreck broken up.
Z-10 HANS LODY GK Following World War II, taken as a British prize and renamed R 38; used for experiments.  Broken up in 1949 at Sunderland.
Z-11 BERND VON ARNIM GK Scuttled and sunk on 13 April 1940 at Rombaksbotten, Norway, following action against British destroyers; undamaged, but her fuel and ammunition were exhausted after action.  One crew member killed in action.  Wreck broken up in 1962.
Z-12 ERICH GIESE GK Sunk on 13 April 1940, west of Narvik, Norway, after action against six British destroyers; 83 of her crew were killed.
Z-13 ERICH KOELLNER BVH Sunk on 13 April 1940 at Oftofjord, Norway, in a battle with British destroyers; 31 of her crew were killed.  Raised and broken up in 1963.
Z-14 FRIEDRICH IHN BVH Following World War II, taken as a Russian prize and renamed POSPESNYY.  Following service with the Russian Navy in the Baltic, she was broken up in 1961.
Z-15 ERICH STEINBRINCK BVH Following World War II, taken as a Russian prize and renamed PYLKYY.  Following service with the Russian Navy in the Baltic, she was disarmed and used as an accommodations ship from 1956-1958; broken up in 1961.
Z-16 FRIEDRICH ECKOLDT BVH Sunk on 31 December 1942 in the Barents Sea by gunfire from the British light cruisers SHEFFIELD and JAMAICA; none of her crew survived.

 

 

* Builders
DWK Deutsche Werke, Kiel
DB Deschimag, Bremen
GK Germaniawerft, Kiel
BVH Blohm and Voss, Hamburg

 

 

Notes:   The 1934 Type was the first destroyer design of the Kriegsmarine, and all further types evolved from it in basic layout, armament, and engine disposition.  Z-1 through Z-4 were built to the original design, while Z-5 through Z-16 were slight improved versions (Type 1934a); approximately six feet longer.  Z-9 through Z-16 had different steam pipes on the funnel uptakes, due to differing machinery from the first eight.  They were not noted as good sea boats; they had a poor turning circle and were not considered to be stable gun platforms.  Spray at high speeds made the use of the forward 5" guns hazardous for their crews; the surviving ships received "clipper" bows as noted below, which vastly improved this condition.  Z-1 through Z-4 had their bridge structure modified in 1938; this conversion was then applied to the rest of the class.

 

Z-4 was fitted with a tripod mast in 1940 and a "clipper" bow in 1944.  Z-5 received a "clipper" bow in 1943.  Z-6 had a tripod mast installed in 1942 and her funnel caps were lowered.  Z-5 and Z-6 had their AA guns augmented with four 40mm Bofors AA guns (4x1), four 37mm AA guns (2x2) and twelve 20mm AA guns (2x4 and 2x2) in 1944.  Z-10 and Z-15 were refitted in 1944 to "Barbara" standards; that entailed the removal of the 5" gun in the "Q" position and in its place, a superstructure was fitted to house more AA guns.  Z-10 received 12-37mm AA guns (6x2), while Z-15 was fitted with 14-37mm AA (7x2) and 4-20mm guns in a quad mount.

 

Pictures

hansa_180_and_182_z-14_1934_and_z-15_1944_dd_-_01.jpg (23388 bytes) Hansa 180 as Z-14 / Z-16, and Hansa 182 as Z-15
hansa_181_z-9_-_13_dd_1938_-_201.jpg (17371 bytes)

Hansa 181

as Z-9

hansa_250_z-1_dd_1939_-_01.jpg (12093 bytes)

Hansa 250

as Z-1

neptun_1065_z-1-4_dd_1939_-_00.jpg (21179 bytes)

Neptun 1065

as Z-1 / Z-4

neptun_1065_z-1-4_dd_1939_-_01.jpg (13539 bytes)

Neptun 1065

as Z-1 / Z-4

neptun_1065_z-1-4_dd_1939_-_02.jpg (15775 bytes)

Neptun 1065

as Z-1 / Z-4

neptun_1065a_z-5-8_dd_1939_-_00.jpg (23563 bytes)

Neptun 1065a

as Z-5 / Z-8

neptun_1065a_z-5-8_dd_1939_-_01.jpg (16404 bytes)

Neptun 1065a

as Z-5 / Z-8

neptun_1065a_z-5-8_dd_1939_-_02_.jpg (16201 bytes)

Neptun 1065a

as Z-5 / Z-8

neptun_1064_z-9-13_dd_1940_-_00.jpg (22358 bytes)

Neptun 1064

as Z-9 / Z-13

neptun_1064_z-9-13_dd_1940_-_01.jpg (16898 bytes)

Neptun 1064

as Z-9 / Z-13

neptun_1064a_z-14-16_dd_1942_-_00.jpg (23387 bytes)

Neptun 1064a

as Z-14 / Z-16

neptun_1064a_z-14-16_dd_1942_-_01.jpg (15952 bytes)

Neptun 1064a

as Z-14 / Z-16

neptun_1064a_z-14-16_dd_1942_-_02.jpg (16329 bytes)

Neptun 1064a

as Z-14 / Z-16

neptun_1064a_z-14-16_dd_1942_-_03.jpg (15463 bytes)

Neptun 1064a

as Z-14 / Z-16